Passenger

Passenger and Light Duty Vehicles

Vehicle
Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

  AUDI

All Road Quattro

Audi Allroad quattro

photo courtesy Audi USA

X

A3 e-tron

Audi A3 etron

photo courtesy Audi USA

X

A4 Quattro (2014-15)

Audi A4 Quattro

photo courtesy Audi USA

X

A5 Quattro (Coupe)

Audi A5 Quattro Coupe
photo courtesy Audi USA

X

A5 Cabriolet

Audi A5 Cabriolet

photo courtesy Audi USA

X

A7

Audi A7

photo courtesy Audi USA

X

Q5

 X

Q5 Hybrid

Audi Q5 Hybrid

photo courtesy of Audi USA

X

  BMW

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Active Hybrid 3

BMW Active Hybrid 3

photo courtesy BMW North America

X

Active Hybrid 5

Active Hybrid 5

photo courtesy BMW North America

X

Active Hybrid 7

BMW Active Hybrid 7

photo courtesy BMW North America

X

i3

BMW i3 PEV

photo courtesy BMW North America

X

i8

BMW i8

photo courtesy BMW North America

X

  BENTLEY

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Flying Spur

Bentley Flying Spur

photo courtesy Bentley Motors

X

 Continental GT

Bentley Continental GT

photo courtesy Bentley Motors

X

Continental GT Speed Convertible

Bentley Continental GT Speed Convertible

photo courtesy Bentley Motors

X

Continental Supersport

Bentley Continental Super Sport

photo courtesy Bentley Motors

X

  CHEVROLET

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Caprice Police Patrol Vehicle (2014)

Chevrolet Caprice Police Patrol

photo courtesy GM, Chevrolet USA

X

Captiva (2014)

Chevy Captiva - 2014

photo courtesy GM, Chevrolet USA

X

Cruze – 2014-15

Chevy Cruze Diesel

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

X

X

Equinox (2015)

Chevrolet Equinox

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

 

X

X

Impala (2015)

Chevrolet Impala

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

(Limited Police model – Ethanol only)

 X

X

Spark EV

Chevy Spark EV

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

X

Volt

Chevy Volt PHEV

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

X

Silverado 1500 2wd/4wd (2015)

2015 Silverado 1500

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

(incl. Special Services 2wd/4wd)

(see also Medium-Heavy Duty page)

X

Silverado 2500 HD (2015)

Silverado 2500HD Diesel

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

(see also Medium-Heavy Duty page)

X

X

 X

(HD only)

 Silverado 3500 HD (2015)

& 2Wd/4Wd

Chevy 3500HD Diesel

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

(see also Medium-Heavy Duty page)

 X

X

X

 Suburban 2Wd/4Wd (2015)

Chevy Suburban

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

X

Tahoe

& Tahoe Police 2Wd/4Wd (2015)

Chevy Tahoe 2015

photo courtesy Chevrolet USA

X

  BUICK

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

La Crosse

Buick LaCrosse

photo courtesy Buick USA

X

 Regal

Buick Regal

photo courtesy Buick

 

X

 Verano

Buick Verano

photo courtesy Buick

X

 CADILLAC

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

 ATS Sedan

Cadillac ATS Sedan

photo courtesy Cadillac

X

ELR

Cadillac ELR

photo courtesy Cadillac

X

 Escalade

Cadillac Escalade

photo courtesy Cadillac

 

X

X

SRX

Cadillac SRX

photo courtesy Cadillac

X

  DODGE

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Avenger (2014)

Dodge Avenger-discontinued

photo courtesy Dodge USA

X

Ram 1500 EcoDiesel

Dodge Ram 1500 Ecodiesel

phot courtesy Dodge Ram USA

X

Charger

Dodge Charger
photo courtesy Dodge USA

Charger Police Pursuit option available, not pictured here

 X

 Dodge Durango

Dodge Durango
photo courtesy Dodge USA

Durango Police Special Services vehicle available, not pictured here

X

 Grand Caravan (2014-15)

Dodge Grand Caravan 2015

photo courtesy Dodge USA

X

 Journey (2014-15)

Dodge 2014 Journey SXT Plus

courtesy Dodge USA

X

  FIAT

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

  500e

Fiat 500e

photo courtesy Fiat USA

X

  FORD

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

C-Max Energi (2014-15)

C-Max Energi

photo courtesy Ford Motor Company USA

 X

Expedition 2wd/4wd

(2014-15)

2015 Ford Expedition

photo courtesy Ford USA

X

Explorer (2014-15)

Ford Explorer

photo courtesy Ford USA

X

Focus

Ford Focus

photo courtesy Ford USA

 

 X

X

Fusion

Ford Fusion

photo courtesy Ford USA

(Titanium, S, SE, Energi)

X

Fusion Energi

Ford Fusion energi

photo courtesy Ford USA

X

Police Interceptor

Ford 2015 Police Interceptor sedan

photo courtesy Ford USA

& Interceptor Utility

Ford Police Interceptor utility

photo courtesy Ford USA

X

 Taurus

Ford 2015 Taurus

photo courtesy Ford USA

X

  GENERAL MOTORS

  (GMC)

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

 Terrain

GMC 2015 Terrain

photo courtesy General Motors

X

Yukon 2WD/4WD

GMC 2015 Yukon

photo courtesy General Motors Company

X

Yukon Denali 4WD (2014)

GMC Yukon Denali 2015

photo courtesy General Motors Company

X

Yukon XL 2WD/4WD

GMC Yukon XL 2015

photo courtesy General Motors Company

X

  HONDA

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Accord (2014-15)

Hybrid

Honda Accord Hybrid

Honda Accord Hybrid courtesy Honda USA

Plug In (PEV)

Honda Accord Plug In

Honda Accord Plug In courtesy Honda USA

 X

X

Civic Hybrid (2014-15)

Honda Civic Hybrid

Honda Civic Hybrid photo courtesy Honda USA

Civic CNG

Honda Civic CNG

Honda Civic CNG photo courtesy Honda USA

X

X

Clarity & FCX Clarity (2014)

Honda FCX Clarity

photo courtesy Honda FCX Clarity

X

CR-Z (2014-15)

Honda CR-Z

photo courtesy Honda CR-Z

X

Fit (2014-15)

Honda Fit EV

photo courtesy Honda USA

X

Insight (2014)

Honda Insight

photo courtesy Honda USA

 X

  HYUNDAI

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Sonata

Hyundai Sonata

photo courtesy Hyundai USA

X

Tucson (2015)

Hyundai Tucson

photo courtesy Hyundai USA

X

  Infiniti

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Q50 & Q50S(2014-15)

Infiniti Q50

photo courtesy Infiniti Q50

X

Q70 Hybrid (2014-15)

Infiniti Q70 Hybrid

photo courtesy Infiniti Q70 Hybrid

X

QX60 (2014)

Infiniti QX60

photo courtesy Infiniti USA

X

  JAGUAR

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

XJ FFV (2014-15)

Jaguar XJ FFV

photo courtesy Jaguar Land Rover North America

X

XJL FFV (2014-15)

Jaguar XJF

photo courtesy Jaguar Land Rover North America

X

XF FFV (2014)

Jaguar XF FFV

photo courtesy Jaguar Land Rover North America

X

  JEEP

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
 PHEV/HEV
 PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
 Incentives

Cherokee

Jeep Cherokee

photo courtesy FCA US LLC

X

Grand Cherokee

Jeep Grand Cherokee

photo courtesy FCA US LLC

X

  KIA

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
 FCEV
Propane
 CNG
LNG
 Incentives

Optima Hybrid

Kia Optima Hybrid

photo courtesy Kia Motors America

 X

 Soul

Kia Soul EV

Kia Soul EV photo courtesy Kia Motors America

X

X

  LAND ROVER

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Range Rover (2014-15)

Range Rover

photo courtesy Jaguar Land Rover North America LLC

X

Range Rover L (2015)

Range Rover L

photo courtesy Jaguar Land Rover North America LLC

X

Range Rover Sport (2014-15)

Range Rover Sport

photo courtesy Jaguar Land Rover North America LLC

X

  LEXUS

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

CT 200h (2014-15)

Lexus CT

photo courtesy Lexus, a Division of Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc

X

GS 450h (2015)

Lexus GS

photo courtesy Lexus, a Division of Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc

X

GS 450 F Sport (2014-15)

Lexus GS F Sport

photo courtesy Lexus, a Division of Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc.

X

LS 600h L (2014-15)

Lexus LS 600h L

photo courtesy Lexus, a Division of Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc.

X

NX 300h (2015)

Lexus NX 300h

photo courtesy Lexus, a Division of Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc.

X

RX 450h (2014-15)

Lexus RX 450h

photo courtesy Lexus, a Division of Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc.

X

ES 300h (2014)

Lexus ES 300h

photo courtesy Lexus, a Division of Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc.

X

    LINCOLN

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

MKZ (2015-15)

Lincoln MKZ

photo courtesy Ford Motor Company

X

Navigator (2014)

Lincoln Navigator

photo courtesy Ford Motor Company

X

  MERCEDES-BENZ

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
 Incentives

B-Class (2014-15)

Mercedes-Benz B Class EV

photo courtesy Mercedes-Benz USA

X

X

 C300 4Matic (2014)

Mercedes-Benz C300 4Matic

photo courtesy Mercedes-Benz USA

X

E350 4Matic Sedan/Coupe (2015)Mercedes E350 4Matic

photo courtesy Mercedes-Benz USA

X

E400 (2015) Hybrid

Mercedes-Benz E400 Hybrid

photo courtesy Mercedes-Benz USA

X

GLA 250 4Matic (2015)

Mercedes-Benz GLA 250 4Matic

photo courtesy Mercedes-Benz USA

X

ML 350 4Matic (2015)

Mercedes-Benz ML350

photo courtesy Mercedes-Benz ML350

S550 (2015)

Mercedes-Benz S550

photo courtesy Mercedes-Benz USA

 X

  MITSUBISHI

 Methanol
 Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
 PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
 Incentives

i-Miev (2014-15)

Mitsubishi i-Miev

photo courtesy Mitsubishi Motors North America

X

  NISSAN

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
 PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
 Incentives

Armada 2WD/4WD

(2014-15)

Nissan Armada

photo courtesy Nissan North America, Inc.

X

 Leaf (2014-15)

Nissan Leaf

photo courtesy Nissan North America, Inc.

 X

Pathfinder (2015)

Nissan Pathfinder

photo courtesy Nissan North America, Inc.

X

Titan 2WD/4WD

Nissan Titan

photo courtesy Nissan North America, Inc.

X

  PORSCHE

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
 Incentives

918 Spyder (2015)

Porsche 918 Spyder

courtesy Porsche Cars North America

X

Cayenne S E (2014-15)

Porsche Cayenne SE Hybrid

Photo courtesy Porsche Cars North America

X

Panamera S E (2014-15)

Porsche Panamera SE Hybrid

photo courtesy Porsche Cars North America

X

  SCION

Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

iQ (2014)

Scion iQ

photo courtesy Scion, a marque of Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

  RAM

 Methanol
 Ethanol
 BioDiesel
 PHEV/HEV
 PEV
 FCEV
 Propane
CNG
 LNG
Incentives

 See Medium/Heavy Duty

Vehicles section

  SMART

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Smart for Two ED

Smart EV

photo couresy Mercedes-Benz USA

X

  SUBARU

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
 PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
 Propane
CNG
 LNG
Incentives

XV Crosstek (2014-15)

Subaru XV Crosstek

photo courtesy Subaru America

X

  TESLA

Methanol
Ethanol
 BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
 PEV
FCEV
Propane
 CNG
LNG
Incentives

Model S (2014-15)

Tesla Model S

photo courtesy Tesla Motors, Inc.

X

  TOYOTA

Methanol
Ethanol
 BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
CNG
LNG
Incentives

Avalon (2014-15)

Toyota Avalon Hybrid

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

Camry (2014-15)

Toyota Camry Hybrid

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

Highlander (2014-15)

Toyota Highlander Hybrid

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

Mirai (2016)

Toyota Mirai 2016

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

Prius

Toyota Prius

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

Prius C

Toyota Prius C

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

Prius V

Toyota Prius V

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

 X

RAV4

Toyota RAV4 EV

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

Sequoia 4WD

Toyota Sequoia

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

Tundra 4WD

Toyota Tundra

photo courtesy Toyota Motor Sales USA

X

  VOLKSWAGEN

 Methanol
Ethanol
BioDiesel
PHEV/HEV
PEV
FCEV
Propane
 CNG
 LNG
Incentives

e-Golf

Volkswagen e-Golf

photo courtesy Volkswagen of America Inc.

X

Jetta

Volkswagen Jetta Hybrid

photo courtesy Volkswagen of America Inc.

X

X

Touareg

Volkswagen Touareg Hybrid

photo courtesy Volkswagen of America, Inc.

X

 Further Reading:

Clean Cities 2015 Vehicle Buyer’s Guide, Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (Clean Cities)

Clean Cities 2014 Vehicle Buyer’s Guide, Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (Clean Cities)

EV City Casebook: 50 Big Ideas Shaping the Future of Electric Mobility, Source Urban Foresight Ltd, October 2014.

Flexible Fuel Vehicles: Providing a Renewable Fuel Choice, Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efifciency & Renewable Energy Vehicle Technologies Program, March 2010

Hybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles, Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efifciency & Renewable Energy Clean Cities, May 2014

Clean Cities Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Consumers, Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efifciency & Renewable Energy Clean Cities

Clean Cities Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Fleet Managers, Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efifciency & Renewable Energy Clean Cities

Clean Cities Tools: Tools to help you save money, use less petroleum, and reduce emissions, Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efifciency & Renewable Energy Clean Cities

Impact of Fuel Metal Impurities on the Durability of a Light-Duty Diesel Aftertreatment System, Source: presented at the SAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition and printed by NREL (NREL/CP-5400-57585). authors: Aaron Williams, Jonathan Burton, & Robert McCormick (NREL; Todd Toops, Andrew A. Wereszczak, Ethan E. Fox, & Michael J. Lance (Oak Ridge National Laboratory); Giovanni Cavataio, Douglas Dobson, & Jim Warner (Ford Motor Co); Rasto Brezny (Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association); K. Nguyen & D. William Brookshear (University of Tennessee-Knoxville).

Effect of Accelerated Aging Rate on the Capture of Fuel-Borne Metal Impurities by Emissions Control Devices, Source: presented at the SAE 2014 World Congress & Exhibition, April 8-10, 2014, Detroit, Michigan. reprinted by NREL (NREL/JA-5400-61077); authors: Aaron Williams & Robert McCormick (NREL; Michael Lance, Chao Xie, & Todd Toops (Oak Ridge National Laboratory); Rasto Brezny (Manufacturers of Emission Controls Association).